Buying a House Together

Buying a home is expensive. A lot of people want to have a home of their own but do not have enough cash or can’t get enough funding to afford a mortgage. On the other hand some people are looking for ways to be able to take advantage of tax benefits from being a home owner. So they turn to co-buying.

“Neither of us had a big enough chunk of money to put down for a home in a desirable neighborhood,” Brian Free told the U.S. News & World Report about his decision to purchase a home with his friend. “However, aggregating our resources allowed us to find a home that suited our needs.”

However, co-owning anything with a friend or relative comes with risks. But there are things you can do to reduce the risk of running into problems. Careful delibiration and planning is a must.

  • Think about how you will hold title

    The decision on how to hold title will affect your say in legal documents. Unmarried co-buyers can share a title as TIC (tenants in common) or as JTWROS (joint tenants with right of survivorship). Co-owners who are married can take title via community property or tenancy by the entirety.

  • TIC versus JTWROS

    With JTWROS both owners have equal shares in a home. When a co-owner has passed away, his share will go to the other owners. Consequently this means that the last surviving owner gets all the shares. In a TIC, the shares may or may not be equal. Each co-owner has its own title. Right of survivorship doesn’t work in TICs. When a co-owner dies, his share will not go to surviving co-owners. Each co-owner can pass their share to their family members or whoever they want to will it to. TICs can be dissolved if a co-owner buys out the share of the other co-owner/s. Or to sell the home, one co-owner can file a partition action.

  • The similarities of a TIC and JTWROS

    In both ownership arrangements, owners have rights to the property. If it is rented or sold, co-owners each receive each will receive a part of the money that is according to their shares.

  • Secure a co-ownership agreement

    It is important to lay the ground rules and protect your share. It is wise to make things clear for all parties involved before problems arise. No matter how close you are with the co-owners, there is always a possibility that ownership issues will be challenged. A co-ownership agreement can help resolve the issue.

  • What are the ownership percentages?

    Joint tenants have equal shares. Co-owners in a TIC agreement can divide the shares based on the amount that each has put in for the downpayment.

  • How are ongoing costs divided?

    They refer to ongoing costs like mortgage payments, property taxes, insurance, utilities and maintenance. The division of expenses like this should be part of the co-ownership agreement. Co-owners may divide this according to their shares or according to the amount of time each co-owner will put in in maintaining or improving the property. You may want to open a joint checking account so each co-owner can withdraw from this account to pay for ongoing expenses.

  • What if a co-owner wants to sell?

    The co-owner who wants to sell does not need to get the approval of the other co-owner as to whom they could sell it to. However, the other co-owner can object to the sale because of their right of first refusal.

Find the Perfect Neighborhood

Finding your perfect home starts with searching for your kind of neighborhood.

What is so important with a good neighborhood? The environment you live in affects your lifestyle and quality of life for you and your family. You may want to live near a park so you and your kids can often walk there and they could play with other kids. Others want to live in a quiet suburb so after a hard day’s work they could retire to a relaxing home. For some a perfect neighborhood should be close to busy commercial districts where shopping and dining is convenient.

The search for a perfect neighborhood starts with driving around, especially in areas you’re not familiar with. Take note of neighborhoods that interest to you. Walk around to get a better feel. See if the houses are well-maintained.

If you have children, you might be looking for a safe, kid-friendly neighborhood. You’ll also want to think about these things:

  • Are there good schools in the area?
  • How is the crime rate?
  • Are there grocery stores nearby?
  • Is theproperty value likely to increase?

If you work with a realtor they should be able to tell youthings you want to know about the neighborhood you’re interested in.

  • School

    Even if you don’t have children, there’s a good reason for living near a good school. Properties near a reputable school is more likely to appreciate in value. Years from now if you sell your house, you will be able to sell it at a high price in no time. Properties like this are attractive to buyers. If you want to know more information about the schools in the area you’re eyeing, you can conveniently do this online. You can just search for the zip code or geographical area and you’ll be able to find ratings for the school system as well as standardized test scores. You can also ask your realtor about the school/s. Or try talking to neighbors with children who go to the school. If you have kids the best thing to do to validate your research is to visit the school yourself or with the kids. And get the feel of the school.

  • Crime Record

    This is a very important aspect you should look at. The good news is, you can easily find information online. There are websites where you can see statistics on crime and other relevant information. Homestore allows you to search for crime data and school information in the area you are searching for. Just enter the zip code or city you choose. The site can also give a comparison of crime rates between another area.

    You can also do these as you research:

    • Observe if the windows and doors of the houses in the neighborhood have bars.
    • Look out for graffiti and vandalism on walls and walkways.
    • Talk to neighbors.
    • Ask the police or sheriff’s office.
    • If you’re looking in town or in busy areas, nooise and traffic is expected.

Go beyond facts and figures. Don’t focus too much on the value of your investment. There other important factors to consider aside from this. Like the convenience it offers to work and school; its proximity to restaurants and shopping centers; or even just the relaxing feel it can give you and your family. But usually property value is a reflection of the area’s overall health. When you do your research find out as well how much property taxes have gone up over the past few years.

The 7 Roles of a Real Estate Agent

Their major responsibility is to protect your interest as a buyer and as their client. Their main roles are the following:

  • Educates you about your market.
  • Negotiates on your behalf
  • Analyzes your wants and needs.
  • Guides you to homes that fit your criteria.
  • Coordinates the work of other needed professionals.
  • Checks and double-checks paperwork and deadlines.
  • Solves any problem that may arise.

Five Key Areas to Pay Attention to When Buying a Home

Looking for a new home is exciting and overwhelming. There are so many things and details to pay attention to. Focus on these five most important areas: electrical, foundation, plumbing, the attic, and landscaping. According to Don Walker, inspector and owner of Ace Home Inspections, these are the five areas in homes that he frequently reports problems with.

  • Electrical

    Most people assume that if they buy a newer house, they won’t have electrical problems anytime soon. “I inspected a brand new house — four years old but the electrical was all done incorrectly,” says Walker. Through a complete home inspection, potential problems are detected early on.

  • Foundation

    Walker said he inspected a four-year-old home that was already showing signs of major damage that is expected to cost you a lot of money in repairs. “It was a model home. What [the homeowners] did was plant trees for shade to make it look really nice, but they planted the wrong trees and they’re going to crack the foundation and it’s going to cut the property value down by $50,000,” says Walker.

    Walker says in the case of that home, the trees were causing micro-fractures in the tile in various locations of the home. “As you walk through the house, 21 feet in and 30 feet deep, there’s just too much root invasion and it’s going to ruin their tile,” explains Walker.

    He says some tell-tale signs with this home were the minor cracks in the foundation that were causing a lifting and separation of the foundation. Also, the windows were not opening and closing properly, “which means the foundation is moving.”

    But not all cracks is an indication of a foundation problem. Walker said, “Most people don’t understand that there are natural cracks in a house. That’s why when we do an inspection report we have to look at it and say ‘Okay, this is a typical crack and this one is an untypical crack.”

  • Plumbing

    According to Walker, is another area that poses a big concern yet often goes undetected. “Mold forms underneath sinks when people have a leak and they fix the pipe but they don’t take care of the mold,” says Walker. He said caulking the sink can help prevent mold. “That’s my number one thing I always find — bad sinks.”

    He says, “When you look at the sink, look behind it and most of the time you will discover a little crack. What happens is, when you wash dishes or you wash your hands in the bathroom or the kitchen, the water gets in that crack and seeps down. Once the water gets behind the cabinet it’s in a perfect position to create mold.” When it’s dark and damp, it becomes a perfect breeding ground for molds.

  • Attic

    Walker says, “You can tell everything about the house by the attic.” When you fix other parts of the house, you can already mask the problem. Take for example a wall damaged by leaks. You can have it fixed and repaint it to make it look new. But Walker says the attic is sort of the eyes to the soul of the home. “In the attic you can tell where all the damage has been.”

    “If you’re in a 20-year-old house and you see that the insulation is brand new, you know that there was a water leak because it had to be replaced,” says Walker. He adds, “You can tell if the roof is good because you can look right at the wood.”

  • Landscaping

    “There should not be moisture or plants next to your house,” says Walker. He says there should be a 12 inch barrier between the landscape and the house. If not, the foundation might crack. If the landscape is too close to the home, when the plants are watered, the foundation and soil expand. And when the they’re not, the foundation dries up and shrinks which causes it to crack.

    Acquiring the money to pay for a house is not the only preparation you need to buy a house. Learn what you can about the house and how to take care of them. It will save you a alot of money in the near  future.

How to Get the Best Deal

Buyers are now in a better position when it comes to buying a house. Gone are the days when real estate is a hot market and you need to make an upfront offer as soon as a property is put up for sale.

Competition has mellowed down in most areas. This gives buyers an opportunity to be able to deliberate on what is available and take advantage of the best deals. How do you determine the climate of your market? According to economists, real estate is directly related to employment. So if there is a rise in employment, you can say that the value of your property is also looking up. In the Midwest real estate is not doing as good as auto manufacturing. Prices are low and is not expected to rise anytime soon. It might take a while until the market rebounds.

Things buyers can keep in mind to get the best deal in the market:

  • Do your homework and negotiate fairly.

    In a changing market, the biggest problem is human nature. Market value can drop or stagnate. But sellers often refuse to believe this. To them, the price of their home is based on how dear it is to their heart regardless of its actual market value. On the other hand, buyers take advantage of a market slump and make unrealistically low offers. Before you make an offer, research and think about important things like the features of the home that you want to be in the home, the size of the home and the going rate of properties in the area.

  • Research on comparable sales.

    Find out how much the last one in the area sold. According to Beverly Durham of ReMax Gold Coast Realty in Camarillo, Calif., “See what’s going on out there.’’ Don’t insult the seller by making a very low offer. You’ll drive them away. Your goal is to make them consider your offer.

  • Why is the seller putting it up for sale?

    Find out as much as you can about this. Is it because of retirement, job-related, divorce, they need to relocate, or they simply want to sell to the highest bidder.  This information is crucial. If a buyer knows this, they can either negotiate better or decide to look elsewhere.

  • Check the MLS (Multiple Listing Service).

    They usually state what the seller owes. Or your agent can provide this information for you.With this information, you could negotiate accordingly.

  • Timing.

    According to Durham, “After 45 to 60 days the seller is usually absolutely sick of keeping their house spotless and sick of people walking through.’’ After this period the seller will be anxiouse to sell their house.

  • Go for newer or well-maintained houses.

    It will cost you time, effort and money to fix damages.

    Even in a tight market, it’s okay to ask the seller to add the closing costs to the price of the house. It’s better to pay 20% downpayment and roll the closing costs into the loan than pay 15% downpayment and pay upfront for the closing costs.

  • Be reasonable

    when you ask for extras.You can also ask for new kitchen appliances or washer and dryer. Durham said you can even ask the seller to pay for the first year of homeowner association dues. But don’t ask them for things that involve workmanship. Durham said, “Don’t ask them to paint.’’“They won’t do it the way you want. They’ll do a lousy job.’’

    When you consider buying a home, think about staying there for atleast five years. Remember your goal as a buyer is to get the home that you want; not to outsmart the seller.

Five Keys to Successful Negotiation

Your success in the realty market lies in how well you negotiate. But negotiation is a complicated matter. All the parties involved want things to go their way. Given these conditions, how can you make things work for your favor? How does one become a succesful negotiator?

Based on experience, these five aspects determine a successful negotiation:

  • What the market says

    Study the market. There will be times when it’s more favorable for buyers and there will be other times when it will lean towards sellers. The key is to strike when the time is favorable for your side. For example, as a buyer you are in a position to offer the seller a quick deal and you know that the seller is in a hurry to sell the property. Take it as an opportunity to make things work in your favor.

  • Determine who has leverage

    If word has gotten out that the seller has gone bankrupt, you are in a position to make reasonable demands. On the other hand, if you know that the house is a hot item, expect many competition. Therefore, you are in no position to dictate the terms or ask for “extras”. The owner has the liberty to choose the buyer they want; usually to the highest bidder with the best terms.

  • What are the details?

    What are the other costs (or savings) involved? Most people think that the price of the house is all there is to it. But in fact, there are other things to consider. For instance, Both house A and house B cost $275,000. However, house A is an older house that needs costly repairs. Plus the seller of house A agreed to pay  a portion of the closing costs. On the other hand, house B also costs the same. But cost of  necessary repairs will not be covered by the seller.

    Think about all the costs and savings involved and determine where you can get better value for your money.

  • Financing

    All transactions involve money. Money affects negotiations in so many ways.

    Is the buyer pre-qualified or pre-approved by a lender? Finding your ideal house does not guarantee that financing will also be available. Your loan application can be denied because of several reasons; among them: appraisal problems, title issues, survey findings.

    One of the advantages of being pre-approved is that buyers already know how much they could afford. Sellers like buyers who are pre-qualified. They pose less risk to the seller. They won’t have to worry about waiting for the buyer to find a loan to seal the deal. Being pre-qualified means that you have the financial capacity to pay for the loan.

    Lower interest rates mean a broad market – a lot of potential buyers.

    Nowadays, downpayments are made easier. Now you can find loans with as low as 5% downpayment or even less. 100 percent financing or no downpayment plans is even an available option. 

  • Broker expertise

    Brokers are now representing not only sellers but buyers as well. If you have competition, being represented by a reputable broker gives you an edge.

Learn to Research for the Best Mortgage Deal

Are you looking to finance a new home? Or are you finding the best mortgage rate to refinance your home?

The first step is to shop around. But what does that really mean? Research and prepare. Take time to think and analyze different mortgage plans. You could save a lot by doing this. Take this for example: on a 30-year mortgage for a $300,000 house, a homeowner would pay approximately $1,520 each month at a 4.5 percent rate. But if the homeowner chooses a slightly higher rate of 5.10 percent, it would increase the monthly mortgage payments to $1,633, which would make a difference of $40,680 in 30 years. (Figures were calculated on a 20 percent down payment.)

The best thing you should do is retrieve your credit scores. If lenders retreive them multiple times, it can lower your score. 

If you’re looking for a lender, look into their track record. Ask family and friends about them and when you’ve narrowed down your options to two or three lenders, compare their rates.

Before you compare rates, establish a budget. Think about how much maximum you can afford to pay every month.

The lender should be able to give you a comparison of loan terms with conventional methods of financingso you can make an informed decision. Don’t just jump into a plan with low rates. Make sure you understand all the costs with it.  Rate lock is a contract with the lender that ensures the interest rate will not change. But you will need to get the loan within a certain period of time; usually 60 days. If the rate increases, you will not be affected. Using a mortgage calculator , compute the monthly payment at different interest rates. If you find a rate that is lower than your limit, lock in to that rate.

When you see rates that are lower than your limit, act fast. Don’t miss out on good deals and offers.Some lenders offer a “float down.” This means that even if you’re already locked in on a low rate, you can get even lower rates. Specific contracts may vary depending on lenders.

When you look for a lender, don’t just consider one. Look into other lenders as well. Different lenders offer different products. Understand the products. Some products for example have low rates for new homebuyers but not for those who want to refinance.

It’s a good idea to try different institutions from a direct lender, credit union or a community bank. Once you’ve made up your mind on a lender, ask what other fees are added to the loan. You might choose a plan with a low rate but have a lot of additonal charges. Before closing the deal, make sure you know the total amount of the loan.

Once this is settled, decide when you want to close the deal. Discuss your intended date with the lender. Ask about the charges for loan lock periods. Lock in for the best rate and the right amount of time.

New House or an Old One?

When you think about buying a home, one of the first questions that come to mind is whether you buy an old house or a new one. A new house may be attractive because everything is new. Nothing has been used yet. The walls are clean, the closets have never been used before, they come with energy-efficient appliances and you won’t have to spend on repairs because of wear and tear. On the other hand, you may fall in love with traditional look and feel of an old house.

When you’re at a crossroad, these points can help you decide:

Old homes

  • Neighborhood.
    Some people prefer a home in an established neighborhood. Another plus factor are the full-grown trees and mature landscaping you can’t get from brand new houses.
  • Maintenance and repair.
    Existing homes need to be inspected by a proffesional home inspector. There might be existing damage or potential problems that will costly to repair or maintain. Old appliances may need to be replaced. All this needs to be considered in the purchase price.
  • Home improvement.
    If you’re into home improvement projects, an older house present opportunities to put your DIY (do-ityourself) skills to action.
  • Freebies.
    Existing houses come with features, furnitures and appliances that are already there. You can consider them freebies.
  • Land.
  • Location.
    Older homes are situated in or near business centers. But newer houses are usually in far suburbs.
  • Opportunity to remodel.
    There are some homebuyers who are excited at the opportunity to customize an old home according to their liking.
  • Price.
    In general, existing homes cost less than brand new ones.  Buyers can even get more for their money because of existing features that count as freebies – drapes, carpet, landscape.
  • Track record.
    With an existing home, you’ll already have an idea of the property’s value based on how much it has appreciated or depreciated over the years.
  • Tax savings.
    Existing houses have lower property tax rates (depending on your state). Plus you could save on local bonds associated with new development, such as schools, parks, or road or transportation improvements.
  • Traditional layout.
    People who love classic, formal dining and living areas will love older homes.

1031 Exchanges

  • Definition
    A 1031 Exchange (Tax-Deferred Exchange) is One Of The Most Powerful Tax Deferral Strategies Remaining Available For Taxpayers. This allows the taxpayer to pay due taxes at a later date. In usual transactions, the landowner pays a percentage of his gain from the sale for taxes. But Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code allows the landowner to trade the property with another “like-kind” property. This however does not mean tax-free. It simply gives the taxpayer time to reinvest their profit.
  • Advantage
    The obvious benefit of a 1031 Exchange is that the taxpayer can postpone paying taxes. But an exchange of property of like kind has to happen. And this only pertains to investment property; not a personal home.
  • Disadvantage
    The exchange needs to be done within a limited time frame and reduced cost. And the funds need to remain invested. The taxpayer also needs to pay the exchange fee.
  • Exchange Techniques
    There are several ways of drafting a tax-deferred exchange. But it has to abide by the 1991 “safe harbor” regulations. It established procedures which include the use of an Intermediary, direct deeding, the use of qualified escrow accounts for temporary holding of “exchange funds” and other procedures which now have the official blessing of the IRS. Because of this, you will need the help of an Intermediary.
  • Investor Services
    Our extensive knowledge and experience proves our credibility in terms of improvement costs and acquisition guidelines. This helped us develop a strong relationship with owners and investors who help us understand all sides of any deal.

To us, negotiation is important and we have the patience to go through the the process of getting a good deal.

Our success rate is strong giving no wonder we enjoy a big share in the percentage of success rating in growing nationwide business.

Should I buy a Condo or a House?

Buying a home is a big move. It leads to a series of things to think about. 

One of them is whether you want to live in a condo or a single unit family house? Each choice comes with their own set of advantages and disadvantages. Only you can determine what’s best for you.

Michelle and Kevin Millsom, 31 and 36, is a newlywed couple living in Boston. Choosing to live in a penthouse apartment was the best thing for them. They don’t have any children, both have high-powered financial careers, and they love the excitement that the city had to offer.

“We enjoy everything the city has to offer—the restaurants, theatre, outdoor concerts. We walk everywhere and find the easy access to the airport to be a plus since we travel frequently for work,” said Kevin. “When we have children, we may think about a house in the suburbs, but for now this is where we want to be.”

They wanted to be at the heart of the city. So they bought a penthouse apartment overlooking Boston’s famous esplanade and Charles River.

Sounds to good to be true? As with all things, it also comes with its own share of disadvantages. They live in a two-bedroom/two-bath condo that costs way more than a home three times the size of their condo. And it’s just 20 minutes away. They share the building with fourteen other tenants which means that decision-making  with regards to the building need to be consulted with them. They also need to pay $300 per month for a parking spot for a car which they seldom use because of the convenience of their location. To most people the cost may sound unreasonable. But to Kevin and Michelle, who appreciate the convenience and the good location, the cost is all worth it.

Condo living is not for everyone. Adriana Forte, 62, chose to live in a “condex,” (a two-family home with a shared wall) in the Boston suburb of Arlington. After her divorce she chose to live in a condex thinking that taking care of a home will be too much to handle. However it turned out to be a wrong decision. “It’s difficult to live with neighbors so close,” Forte said. “First there was the noise. My neighbors are night people, and every night they are just getting geared up when I’m trying to sleep. Then I found myself handling 100 percent of the finances and maintenance of the duplex—without compensation. I may as well be living in my own house!”

She missed out on a lot of things that a single-family house can offer – fresh air and private outdoor space. Forte loves maintaining a home and a garden.

Consider these things to help you decide what is most important to you.

  • Location – Where do you want to live? Are both the condo and house in the same area?
  • Privacy – Are you comfortable about living closely with neighbors? How much do you value your privacy?
  • Responsibility – Do you want to have full control over decision-makings for your home? Or do you want to share that responsibility with other neighbors?
  • Maintenance – Do you enjoy taking of your home and garden? Or are you the type who is just not into plants?
  • Budget – How much can you afford? A condo might be more reachable right now.

Life is dynamic. People change and situations change. Whatever you decide now, can still be changed to suit your current lifestyle and preferences.